عنوان مقاله [English]
The aim of this study was to investigate the financial rights of women in ancient civilizations and monotheistic religions. The research population was the registered financial rights in the civilizations of ancient times and monotheistic religions. The studied sample included women's financial rights in preceding civilizations, post Islam, and monotheistic religions. The research design was descriptive. Documentary and library methods were used to collect data. The data analysis performed qualitatively. The findings showed that women's financial rights in different historical periods was not stable and specified. And it differed from one civilization to other civilizations and in different religions, there were a lot of rises and falls. In pre-Islamic civilizations, women enjoyed certain rights and were deprived of some. But in monotheistic religions, including Judaism, a woman loses her property by marriage. In Christianity, both the woman and her property were owned by the man, and the woman had no control over her property. But with the emerge of Islam, women's economic independence and the right to own property became official and the economic system of the family was formulated in such a way that from the beginning of birth to the death of the woman, the source of financing for the woman and the enjoyment of her property became very clear and determined by her humanity. And over time, women had been able to secure their financial and economic rights.