عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of the current research was to investigate the role and position of women as effective elements in marriage and having a family in the Shahnameh. The social approach of the stories in Shahnameh showed that having a family was out of patriarchal principles. In the other words, women were the social organizers of the family and men did not have any role in organizing of the family, while in the mythological approach there were patriarchy to the extent that there could be found bravery and courage of men, as the battlefields `s victorious everywhere in Shahnameh. Cultural view of the Shahnameh to the marriage implied that most marriages were based on choosing wife from strange people and tribes suggesting the high characters of women in the society and it was insisted on the important role of women in managing their children affairs, especially their marriage. The other thing was that Ferdowsi have always showed the tendency toward choosing wife from strange tribes at the beginning of his epics stories that was accompanied with a kind of love stories to magnify these heroic characters. The results were inferred by reviewing verses and stories from Shahnameh as evidences.