عنوان مقاله [English]
In general, there were about twenty women who played significant role in the Shahnameh, most of whom lived in the epic era. Among these women Tahmineh and Gordafarid could be mentioned since both were effective in the story of Rostam and Sohrab. This study was purposed to analyze these two characters, from the perspective of the Karen Horney and Sigmund Freud psychological approach. The findings of this research suggested that Tahmineh based on Horney's approach through extreme effort tried to overcome the need for safety and the basic anxiety by possessing Rastam as strong life partner. After Rostam death she retried to satisfy such needs by replacing Sohrab instead of Rostam. But with the death of Sohrab not only did not escape from her situation, but due to her failure to pass the stages of grief ultimately would faced early death. Gordafarid also seemed to be, according to Freud, her Electra complex caused incomplete formation of the superego, as a result of the use of simulation defense mechanism and women revenge against men trying to protest and overcome against male supremacy and to prove woman superioty. More importantly, she by fleeing the male chauvinist look against women tried to escape from their femininity, even though the price was the negation of the basic feminine features. However, at the end of a return to his true character (using the female characteristics) was more successful in battle.