همسر آزاری علیه زنان و راهکارهای پیشگیری از آن با تکیه بر نظریه های اجتماعی

نوع مقاله : مقاله اصلی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قشم، گروه حقوق کیفری و جرم شناسی، قشم، ایران

2 دانشگاه تهران، گروه حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، گروه حقوق، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی همسر آزاری علیه زنان و راهکارهای پیشگیری از آن با تکیه بر نظریه های اجتماعی
می باشد. جامعه پژوهش شامل کلیه قوانین حقوقی مرتبط با زنان آزار ‌دیده بود. نمونه پژوهش قانون حمایت از خانواده در مورد زنان آزار دیده از همسر بود. طرح پژوهش توصیفی-تحلیلی و گردآوری اطلاعات از طریق اسنادی و کتابخانه ای انجام شد. هم چنین از تمامی منابع موجود اعم از کتب، مقالات و داده های دیجیتالی استفاده شد. داده ها با روش تحلیلی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که قوانین کنونی از جمله قانون مجازات اسلامی مصوب ۱۳۹۲ و هم چنین قانون حمایت خانواده مصوب ۱۳۹۱ در جهت حمایت کیفری افتراقی از زوجه گام برنداشته است و زوجه در این قانون، از حمایت کیفری مشابه با زوج محروم است. هم چنین سیاست جنایی تقنینی، در نادیده انگاشتن برخی رفتارهای آسیب زا علیه زوجه، مانند عدم پرداخت مهریه، خشونت‌خانگی، اعمال جنسی به عنف و خشونت‌آمیز، نیازمند بازبینی جدی از طریق جرم انگاری های ویژه و تشدید کیفر زوج است؛ زیرا عامل قرابت یکی از عوامل مشدده در جرایم علیه تمامیت جسمانی در جرایم حوزه خانواده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Spouse Abuse against Women and Preventive Strategies Based on Related Social Theories

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeed Amiri 1
  • Iraj Golduzian 2
  • Mansor Atasheneh 3
1 Islamic Azad University Qeshm Branch, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Qeshm, Iran
2 University of Tehran, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Tehran, Iran
3 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Department of Law, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to study spousal abuse against women and strategies to prevent it based on social theories. The study population consisted of all juridical laws related to abused women. The research sample included Family Protection Law on women who were abused by their husbands. The research design was descriptive-analytical, and data collection was carried out through documents and libraries. All available sources including books, articles, and digital data, also were used. Data were reviewed by analytical method. The results showed that the current laws, including the Islamic Penal Code adopted in 1392 and the Family Protection Law adopted in 1391 have not taken steps to differentiate criminal protection of the wife, and the wife in this law was deprived of similar criminal protection to the husband. Also, the legislative criminal policy, in ignoring some harmful behaviors against the wife, such as non-payment of dowry, domestic violence, sexual violence, and violence, required a serious review through special criminalization and the intensification of the husband's punishment; because the factor of kinship is one of the aggravating factors in crimes against the physical integrity in crimes in the field of family.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • spouse abuse
  • Prevention Strategies
  • Social theories
Ahyaei, P. (2015). A Study of domestic violence and Its related factors (with emphasis on husband freedom and women abuse). Tabriz: Master Thesis. [Persian]
Alasvand, F. (2013). Woman in Islam. Tehran: Hajar Publishing Center. [Persian] URL: https://hajarpub.ir/product 
Amoakohene, M. (2004). Violence against women in Ghana: A look at womens perceptions and review of policy and social reponses. Social Science & Medicine, 59(11), 2373-2385. URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15450710/
Azazi, Sh. (2001). Domestic violence of "beaten women". Tehran: Sally. [Persian] URL: https://www.gisoom.com/book/121916
Azizi, J., & Mahmoudi, A. (2015). A study of structural, cultural and psychological theories against women. Journal of Women and Culture, 5(26),7-18. [Persian] URL: http://jwc.iauahvaz.ac.ir/article_522566.html
Bandura, A. (1975). Social learning theories. New York: Academic.
Campbell, J. C. (2002). Health consequences of intimate partner violence. The Lancet, 359(9314), 1331-1336. URL: http://opendoorsproject.ca/wp-content/uploads/
Coker, D. (2001). Crime control and feminist law reform in domestic violence law: A critical review. Buffalo Criminal Law Review, 4(2), 801-860. URL: https://repository.law.miami.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1286&context=fac_articles
Hoffman, K., Demo, D. H., & Edwards, J. (1994). Physicall wife abuse in a non- western socity: An integrated theoretical approach . Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56(1) 131-146. URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/352709
Hosseini, H. (2006). Sociology of family disruption and divorce. Tehran: Salman. [Persian] URL: https://www.gisoom.com/book/1447467/
Hosseinzadeh, Z. (2014). A comparative study of the guarantee of legal execution of spousal abuse in Iranian law with other legal systems. Master thesis, Islamic Azad Universit, Shahroud Branch, Shahroud. [Persian] URL: https://elmnet.ir/Article/10782076-35802/
Jafari, F. (2012). The role of socio-cultural factors in the incidence of husbands' violence against spouses in Kohgiluyeh city. Master thesis, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran. [Persian]
Karoukh, A. (2020). Study of domestic violence against women in Iranian and Iraqi law. Master thesis, Urmia University, Urmia. [Persian]
Matoufi, S. (2016). A study of domestic violence in Iranian law. Master thesis, Islamic Azad University, Quds Branch, Tehran. [Persian] URL: https://ganj.irandoc.ac.ir/viewer/
Moazami, Sh. (2004). Criminology of domestic violence and homicide in sistan and baluchestan. Journal of Women in Development and Politics, 2(2), 39-53.  URL: https://www.sid.ir/fa/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=5826
Moghimi, E. (2013). A study of the relationship between sexual disorders and spouse abuse and self-esteem of wives of mentally Ill patients. Master thesis, Islamic Azad University, Shahroud Branch, Shahroud. [Persian]
Navidnia, M., & Shamloo, E. (2016). Effective social factors and spousal abuse with emphasis on the role of patriarchy in the family. Journal of Women in Development and Politics, 59(1), 131-147. URL: https://www.noormags.ir/view/fa/articlepage/1351934
Nazparvar, B. (2002). Spousal abuse. Women's Quarterly, 1(3), 25-44. [Persian] URL: https://www.sid.ir/Fa/Journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=21803
Nikkhah, R. (1999). A study of domestic violence against women in Iranian and Iraqi law. Master thesis, Urmia University, Urmia. [Persian]
Rabbani, R., & Javadian, R. (2007). Study of women's behavior against husbands violence. Shahed University, 14(25), 19-31. [Persian] URL: http://cpap.shahed.ac.ir/article_2559.html?lang=en
Rahgoshai, H. (2016). The role of government intervention in domestic violence against women from a human rights perspective. Journal of Women's Rights Protection, 40(1), 121-149. [Persian] URL: http://ensani.ir/file/download/article/20170422081438-10062-19.pdf
Rasoulian, M., Bolhari, J., Nojomi, M., Habib, S., & Mirzaei Khoshalani, M. (2015). Spouse Abuse Review of Intervention Theories and Models Presenting Intervention Models Based on the Primary Health Care System in Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, 21(1), 3-16. [Persian] URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2360-fa.pdf
Saberian, M., Atash Nafs, E., & Behnam, B. (2005). Prevalence of domestic violence in women referring to health centers in Semnan(2003). Journal of Koomesh, 6(2), 115-122. [Persian] URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-148-en.html
Sadeghi, R., Vijeh, M., & Zanjari, N. (2015). Factors related to domestic violence against women in Tehran. Journal of Social Work, 4(4),37-66. [Persian] URL: https://journals.atu.ac.ir/article_10263.html?lang=en
Salehi, A., & Mehr Alian, H. (2006). Prevalence of domestic violence in pregnant women referring to health centers in Shahrekord. Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, 2(8), 72-77. [Persian] URL: http://journal.skums.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=28&sid=1&slc_lang=fa
Shoaa Kazemi, M., & Rezaei, S. T. (2009). Family Mental Health: Taken from the perspective of psychology and Islam (with the approach of Iranian culture). Tehran: Avaye Noor. [Persian] URL: https://avayenoor.com/%D8
Stoudeh, H. (2006). Social pathology sociology of deviations. Tehran: Avaye Noor. [Persian] URL: https://www.gisoom.com/book/11146886
Talebpour, A. (2017). A study of the factors affecting domestic violence with emphasis on spouse abuse (Case Study of Urban and Rural Areas of Ardabil Province). Bi-Quarterly Journal of Asr Sociological Research, 6(11), 45-48. [Persian] URL: https://csr.basu.ac.ir/article_2154.html
Zavala, E. (2007). Non physical intimate partner violence emotional abuse and controlling behavior against women. Master thesis, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas. URL: https://krex.k-state.edu/dspace/handle/2097/440